Diabetes and High Blood Pressure
Diabetes is a medical disorder resulting in the excessive production of urine. It is caused by reduced or no production of insulin by the body. Insulin controls the amount of sugar in blood.
High Blood Pressure: It occurs when there is pressure on the arteries due to the blood flow inside. If the internal area of the arteries is lessened or is choked because of factors like deposits of fat and calcium, because of the pumping action of the heart it this reduced area raises the blood pressure inside the arteries. High blood pressure is frequently addressed as hypertension.
DIABETES AND HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE
A person having high blood pressure is at high risk of developing and aggravation of the complications with diabetes. Additionally, as diabetes affects the arteries adversely, predisposing them to hardening (atherosclerosis), having diabetes increases the risk of developing high blood pressure. If this condition is not treated in time, it can damage the blood vessels leading to stroke or even heart attack or failure, or kidney failure.
BLOOD PRESSURE WITH DIABETES
In general, the blood pressure reading varies, but it must not rise above 130/80. Here, 130 is the systolic pressure and 80 is the diastolic pressure. Systolic pressure means the pressure within arteries when the heart beating forces the blood out of the heart by its contraction. Diastolic pressure means the pressure within arteries when the heart beating forces the blood to come inside the heart by its expansion to original state.
In order to prevent diabetes complications and controlling blood sugar, having a normal blood pressure is as vital.
HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE TREATMENT FOR PEOPLE WITH DIABETES
A group of medications, called ACE (angiotensin converting enzyme) inhibitors, are used to treat high blood pressure in people having diabetes. Notably, ACE inhibitors is considered to be a useful drug not only to treat high blood pressure with diabetes, but is has also shown useful in the prevention of kidney diseases in people having diabetes.
Before taking any such medication, the doctor needs to be well-consulted because some blood pressure medications may adversely affect the blood sugar level, and can also cause impotence. Blood pressure medications most often are very beneficial to the elderly who are sensitive to salt.
Diuretics or "water pills" is used to treat high blood pressure in people with diabetes. It helps to the body to get rid of extra water and sodium through urine.
To keep the systolic and diastolic blood pressure to remain within correct bounds, the doctor usually will prescribe other medications alone with ACE inhibitors. ACE inhibitors are prescribed first, then other anti-hypertension drugs are added.
- Beta blockers relaxes the heart by allowing it to beat slower and less forcefully to help lower blood pressure. Beta blockers help prevent stroke and heart attack.
ARBs medications are prescribed to keep the blood vessels open and relaxed to help lower blood pressure.
Calcium channel blockers relaxes the blood vessels by keeping calcium out of the heart and blood vessels.
PREVENT HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE
In order to help prevent hypertension or high blood pressure, we need to take the following measures:
· Eat healthy
· Stop smoking
· Exercise and perform yoga
· Limit salt intake in the diet
· Maintain a healthy body weight
More about blood pressure...
Foods that Lower High Blood Pressure
A Knowledge Of Blood Pressure Ranges Will Help Keep You Healthy
What Should Your Blood Pressure Be?
How To Identify Pulmonary Hypertension Symptoms